The law defines theft as any crime where one person knowingly steals or attempts to deprive another person of his or her personal property. Theft can include the intent to deprive a person permanently or temporarily.
When it comes to theft crimes, Grand Theft is one of the most serious. Grand theft occurs when a person steals anything $750 and up.
First-degree Grand Theft
If you face charges of Grand Theft in the first degree, you could face a maximum sentence of 30 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. Charges of Grand Theft generally occur when someone accuses you of stealing property valued at $100,000 or more, cargo in interstate or intrastate commerce or semitrailers deployed by law enforcement.
Second-degree Grand Theft
Second-degree Grand Theft refers to property theft valued at over $20,000 and less than $100,000. For interstate and intrastate commerce, the cargo must have a value under $50,000. Other types of property include medical and law enforcement equipment valued at $300 and above.
If you face charges of second-degree Grand Theft, you face 15 years in prison and a fine of up to $10,000.
Third-degree Grand Theft
Third-degree Grand Theft refers to stealing property over $750 and under $20,000. Firearms, motor vehicles, farmed animals, stop signs, citrus fruits containing 2,000 or more pieces, construction signposts and controlled substances all qualify. The penalties are up to five years in prison or probation and a fine of $5,000.
To prove Grand Theft, the prosecution must have evidence that you intentionally deprived an organization, person or other entity of their property.